Pond Maintenance: Water Filtration And Circulation

When it comes to pond maintenance, choosing the right filter, pump, and liner is absolutely essential in order to maintain healthy water. Not only does the right filter and pump system help to keep water clean but it also ensures proper water movement and circulation and prevents stagnation, which can lead to bacterial growth and cloudy water. Similarly, choosing the right liner, specifically an EPDM liner, helps to prevent leaks and maintain overall pond health.

Choosing A Water Pump

A water pump can be highly beneficial to a pond and is an integral part of pond maintenance, ensuring an oxygen rich environment and helping to facilitate water circulation. If you plan on using a water pump, keep in mind that the general rule of thumb is that pond water should be entirely circulated at least once every two hours. So, if you have a 200-gallon pond, you need a pump capable of generating a minimum flow of 100 gallons per an hour. If you have a 1000-gallon pond you will need a pump capable of generating a minimum flow of 500 gallons for an hour. Ultimately, the larger the pond the larger the pump required. And for optimal pond health, it is generally a good idea to buy a larger pump than is required.

Choosing A Filtration System

Like a pump, a filtration system is an important part of proper pond maintenance. There are essentially three types of pond filtration systems: biological filtration, mechanical filtration, and chemical filtration. In a mechanical filtration system, water is pushed through some kind of mechanical apparatus that collects dirt and debris in order to maintain clear, clean water.

A biological filtration system relies on beneficial bacteria to breakdown harmful toxins. A biological filtration system can be especially beneficial in pond maintenance of a pond where there are fish, helping to breakdown waste generated by the fish, such as ammonia. In contrast, chemical filtration systems rely on chemical additives to control the quality of the pond water. However, if you plan on relying on chemical filtration system for your pond maintenance, be wary, especially if you plan on keeping fish. Before adding any kind of chemical to your pond water it is important to make sure that it is fish friendly. Many chemicals, such as chlorine, can seriously harm and even kill fish.

Choosing A Liner

Lastly, and perhaps most importantly, you need to choose the right pond liner. Choosing the right liner helps to prevent leaks, which can have catastrophic implications on your pond’s health. Ideally, you will want to choose an EPDM pond liner, such as the PondPro liner. Impervious to UV-rays, 100% waterproof, and resistant to extreme temperature fluctuations EPDM is incredibly durable and has an incredibly long lifespan.

Furthermore, an EPDM PondPro liner will help to maintain the water quality of your pond. An EPDM PondPro liner will not crack, flake, or peel in anyway and will therefore not contaminate your water. In addition, EPDM is an inert substance and does not give off any kind of toxic material. Therefore, it is perfectly safe for plants and animals, making it an ideal liner.

Understanding and Repairing Pond Leaks

A pond can make a beautiful addition to any backyard. Backyard ponds can be an excellent way to display aquatic flora and fishes and also add a serene, peaceful touch to your yard. However, backyards ponds do require regular upkeep in order to maintain healthy water levels and prevent any damage. In particular, it is important to note that backyard ponds can be quite susceptible to leaks. Therefore, it is important to understand what causes leaks in ponds as well as how to prevent them.

How Can You Prevent A Pond Leak?

One of the most common causes of pond leaks is inadequate construction of the pond bottom. Therefore, the most effective way to prevent any kind of pond leaks is to ensure that the pond is properly constructed in the first place. When it comes to proper construction, choosing the right location is key. In order to prevent a pond leak, you want to make sure that you choose an appropriate location for your pond. Ideally, you will want to place the pond in a level area that receives sunlight for at least half of the day.

When choosing a site for your pond, be cognizant of any trees in the vicinity. Keep in mind that tree roots and muskrat holes can also cause the gradual development of a pond leak. Therefore, it is best to construct your pond in an open, unobstructed area. It can be a good idea to remove any trees within close proximity to the pond.

Rips And Tears In Pond Liners

If you have a pond with a liner, any kind of rip or tear in the liner can also cause a leak. Proper maintenance and regular care is crucial to keep the liner healthy and prevent any kind of corrosion, which can cause decay and subsequently tears. Always make sure your pond water is clean, clear, and well filtered as this helps to prevent bacterial build-up that can damage liners.

In the case of a pond leak, if you suspect a tear in the pond liner might be the culprit, you first need to find the leak. Inspect the area surrounding the pond. If you notice any damp patches or the growth of water-loving plants, such as cattails, this can be a good clue to the location of the pond leak. Also pay attention to where water loss tappers (if it does), as water loss tends to stop right below the rip or tear. Once you have located the rip in the liner, you can go about repairing it.

If you are suffering from repeated or recurring leaks it can be a good idea to add another pond liner. The most effective pond liners tend to be made from EPDM, such as a PondPro liner. These liners are incredibly durable and are 100% waterproof immediately upon application. Furthermore they have an incredibly long lifespan— you won’t need to worry about recoating your pond every year. In fact, one coat of EPDM can last up to fifty years and PondPro is guaranteed with an unconditional five-year warranty.

How To Apply EPDM Pond Liner

If you are looking for an affordable, easy, and highly effective solution to annoying pond leaks, a Pond Pro 2000 EPDM pond liner is the answer. EPDM is a form of liquid rubber. Waterproof, UV resistant, and designed to withstand extreme temperature fluctuations, PondPro EPDM pond liners are renowned for their durability. And not only are EPDM pond liners incredibly durable, they also incredibly easy to apply.

Surface Preparation:

When preparing to apply an EPDM pond liner, the first step is surface preparation. You will need to wash your current pond liner in order to remove any build-up of mold, algae, or dirt. Keep in mind that for any deep pond, pool, or fountain constructed from porous material, such as concrete or wood, you must first prime the surface with ProFlex primer to ensure the adhesion of the EPDM pond line.

Mixing And Application:

Once you have prepped the surface and ensured that is totally dry, you are ready to begin the application process. You will need to prepare the mixture by stirring it until a vortex is formed, at which point you will pour the catalyst into the vortex. You will then need to stir the mixture until it is uniform.

Once the product is mixed, you are ready to begin the application. Ideally, you will want to pour a bit of the mixture onto the surface to be coated and disperse it evenly with either a brush or roller. Try to apply the mixture evenly but do remember that the product will self-level, so there is no need to stress about it. In addition, keep in mind that you only need one coat of the PondPro EPDM pond liner. In fact, one coat is actually preferable to multiple coats.

The Curing Process:

The last step is the curing process, in which the EPDM pond liner essentially hardens. The length of the curing process is contingent upon a number of different factors. Of course, the first variable is temperature; curing takes place between 55°F and 80°F. You can certainly apply the product if the temperature is below this, however the product will not cure until the temperature is over 55°F Many people fear that solar exposure will damage the curing process. However, sunlight actually works to accelerate the curing process, drying the EPDM pond liner faster. Overall, a full cure will typically take between around seven days.

How to Find Out if You Need Pond Pro

Whenever you are losing water in your pond, there are a few scenarios that can cause it to happen. Among the possible scenarios is that you losing water to evaporation, you have a leak in the bed of the pond, you have a leak in the walls of the pond, or something is wrong with your water pump. Of all the scenarios, only if you are losing water from a leak will you need to worry about using Pond Pro. So, how do you discover if you need it? This is a step by step analysis to help you determine what problem you have and how to solve it.

Let Your Pond Rest

Every pond has a water pump of some kind to keep the water moving. If you do not have this, you are in violation of health codes, because you have stagnant water on your property (a prime breeding ground for mosquitoes). You will not need Pond Pro if there is a problem with the water pump, so turn everything off and let the water stand. As soon as you turn everything off, mark the water level.

Watch the water for a period of at least ten minutes to an hour. If you do not see the water level going down, you are probably will not need Pond Pro because there is an issue with the water pump, or one of the water hoses. It does not appear you have a crack you need to plug up.

If, however, the water level does go down while you are watching it, there is a very good likelihood you have a water leak. So, what do you do now? Now, it is time to wait patiently to see exactly where the water stops going down. If you are not that patient, you can return the next day to see what the water level looks like. You are waiting to see where the water will stop, so you can find out where the leak is and where you will need to apply Pond Pro.

Fixing the Leak

Now that you know where the leak is, it is time to drain the pond and start the process of sealing it so you will no longer have a leak in your pond. Make sure you dry and scrub out your pond well. Then allow your pond to dry overnight so it is completely dry.

If you have a period of 7 days without rain forecasted, it is time to use Pond Pro to seal your pond. Make sure you are using a roller to apply the EPDM polymer solution. Cover the entire bottom and sides of the pond paying special attention to the area where the leak is at. Make sure if there is a dent or a patch missing where the leak is that it is fixed before applying the polymer. Let the sealant cure completely and then you can start refilling the pond with water.

Resealing Your Pond and Other Basic Pond Maintenance

Having a pond as a part of your landscaping is a great way to enjoy the look of your property. After all, when you have a pond, it is possible to have floating pond lilies and even koi. Of course, part of having a pond is making sure you are practicing proper pond maintenance. This means doing more than just making sure to maintain the pH balance in the water. You should also make sure your pond itself is in good repair by going through preventative maintenance from time to time.

Basic Maintenance

It is important to make sure you are cleaning the pond walls regularly. Use an attached scrub brush to clean the sides of the pond. If necessary, you may have to drain the pond from time to time to clean it thoroughly, but this is not normally a part of regular pond maintenance.

If you have living plants in your pond, it is necessary to trim them on occasion to make sure they are not going to overtake the pond. While you are at it, remove any loose leaves to keep them from getting into the water pump. In some cases, you may have to use a spray to provide a little nourishment to the water plants.

The next step in pond maintenance is to take apart the water pump and change out the filter if necessary, or just make sure you are cleaning the water pump of any dirt and debris you might find there. The last thing you want is to experience a clog in the water pump causing water to spew everywhere and your pond to lose water. As long as you are removing dirt and debris from the water pump regularly, you will not have to worry about these scenarios.

How Summer and Winter Maintenance Differs

The summer time requires constant attention to your pond. This kind of pond maintenance is a little more difficult, because you will need to provide your pond with weekly attention. There is no way of getting around this. If you neglect to check in, you can kill of your fish, your plants will die and it is possible that your pond may start leaking. My spending a little time on your pond every week, you can prevent a lot of problems from happening.

During the winter, there is not as much you will have to do in order to maintain the pond. The colder weather will slow down algae growth, almost to a halt and all of your plants will have died off. As long as you are making sure to keep the water moving in the pond, you will not have to worry about it freezing over. If the water is freezing anyways, you might consider floating a ball on the pond to take some pressure off of the pond while the ice is forming. Through good pond maintenance, you can keep enjoying your pond for years to come.